Chemistry In Everyday Life Class 12
These are notes from chapter Chemistry in Everyday Life Class 12.
Drugs that binds to the receptor site and inhibits its natural function is known as antagonists.
Drugs that mimic the natural messenger by switching on the receptor is called as agonists.
The drugs which bind the receptors and disturb their functions such drugs are called antagonists. The drugs which activate the receptors are called agonists.
Its example is Metal Hydroxide.
Its example is Terfinadine, Cimetidine. Histamine stimulates the secretion of pepsin and HCl in stomach.
Neurological Active Drugs
Chemical compound used for the treatment of stress or severe mental diseases. These relive anxiety, stress, irritability, depression, tension by inducing a sense of well being. Examples- Iproniazid, Equanil, Barbiturates are hypnotic that is sleep producing agents.
These drugs reduce or abolish pain without causing mental confusion, paralysis and some other disturbances. Example- Asprin, Analgin, Paracitamol.
These drugs inhibit the growth of microorganisms or kill the microorganisms. Example- Penicillin, Tetracycline, Imipenam, Meropenam, Ampicillin, Chloramphinicol.
Furacine, Soframycine, Dettol (Chloroxylenol + Terpinol), Bithional.
Apply to lifeless objects. Chlorine(0.2 to 0.4 ppm), SO2 in low concentration.
Drug used to control population. Example- Norethindrone, Novestrol.
Prevent spoilage of food due to microbial growth. Example- Sodium Benzoate, table salt.
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