Category «BSc Chemistry Notes»

BSc1Year Atomic Structure

Atomic Structure Atom:           In Greek Atom means not divided. In 1803 john Dalton made a famous theory atomic theory according to this theory “matter is made up of tiny particles called atoms.” But in 1897 Sir J.J. Thomson proved experimentally that atoms are made of charged particles called electrons. And in the beginning of …

BSc2Year Chemistry of Elements of First Transition Series

Chemistry of Elements of First Transition Series There are four types of orbital i.e. s, p, d and f. On the basis of electronic configuration- ·         s-block elements : last electron goes in s orbital. ·         p-block elements : last electron goes in p orbital. ·         d-block elements : last electron goes in d orbital. …

BSc2Year Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics Thermodynamics                            study of the inter-relations of various forms of energy in a system is called thermodynamics. Limitation of thermodynamics         i.            laws of thermodynamics are not applicable to small particles like individual atoms or molecule, but laws can be applied to …

BSc2Year Electromagnetic spectrum UV and Visible spectroscopy

Spectroscopy                  It is a branch of science which deals with the study of interaction of matter with electromagnetic radiation. Electromagnetic Radiation  Electromagnetic Radiations are a certain amount of energy depending upon its wavelength. Hence these radiations are the sources of energy so called as electromagnetic energy or radiant energy. Electromagnetic Radiations are of many …

Some Notes & Terms to remember about Chemistry

Section 1 of Chemistry Notes Info. Working with the Properties & Changes of Matter Chemical- any substance that has defined composition Everything you see is made up of chemicals Even things you cannot see are made up of chemicals Some exist naturally Some are manufactured Chemical Reaction- the process by which one or more substances …