Important Chemistry Polymers with their Monomer, Formula and Uses

Important Polymer Table

Important Polymers with their Monomer, Formula and Uses.

Polymers
Monomers
Monomer Formula
Use
1.    Teflon
Tetrafluroethene
CF2=CF2
Oil seals, Gasket
2.    Polyacrylonitrile
Acrylonitrile
Commercial Fibers
3.    Terylene or Decron
Ethylene Glycol
Teryphthalic Acid
HOCH2-CH2OH


Commercial Fibers
4.    Nylon 6,6
And
5.    Nylon 6
Hexamethylene-diamine
Adipic Acid
Caprolactum
NH2(CH2)6NH2
HOOC(CH2)4COOH
Making Sheets, bristles of brushes, textile industry, tyre cords, fabrics, ropes etc.
6.    Phenol Formaldehyde Polymer
i.                   Novolac
Phenol + Formaldehyde
HCHO
Used in paints
ii.                 Bakelite
Phenol + Formaldehyde

HCHO
Comb, Electric switches
7.    Malamine Formaldehyde Polymer
Malamine + Formaldehyde

 HCHO
Unbreakable crockery
8.    Buna S
1,3-Butadiene + Styrene
CH2=CH-CH=CH2

Auto tyres, cables insulation, floor tiles
Lower Density Polyethene  (L.D.P.) : Lower Density Polythene are prepared at 1000-2000 atm pressure, 350-570 Kelvin Temperature and O2 peroxide inhibitor.
Higher Density Polyethene  (H.D.P.) : High Density Polythene are prepared at 6-7 atm pressure, 333-343 Kelvin Temperature and Zieglar Natta Catalyst.

Posted by “Jitendra Singh Sandhu” at “Chemistry Notes Info”

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