What is Inorganic Chemistry ?
Definition of Inorganic Chemistry- Inorganic chemistry is the branch of chemistry, which deals with the study of inorganic compounds and organometallic compounds. Inorganic chemistry includes study of all chemical compounds excluding organic compounds (where, organic compounds are carbon based compounds, generally having carbon-hydrogen bonds i.e. C-H bonds.
Example of Inorganic Compound
Salt Magnesium Chloride (MgCl2)is an ionic Inorganic Compound which contains magnesium-cations Mg2+and chloride-anions Cl−
Branches of Inorganic Chemistry
Descriptive Inorganic Chemistry
Descriptive inorganic chemistry based on the arrangement and ordering of compounds based on their properties.
Coordination chemistry is the branch of Inorganic chemistry which deals with the study of coordination compounds or coordination complexes. A coordination compound or coordination complex contains of a central atom or ion, which is generally metallic and is known as coordination center, and get surrounded by group of bounding molecules or ions, these surrounding molecules and ions are known as ligands.
Material science deal with the study of materials. Study of metals, semiconductors, polymers, ceramics, nanomaterials, biomaterials and many other form of materials comes under material science. A material scientist study about any material to find out its structure, properties and use this in certain applications.
Bioinorganic Chemistry is the branch of inorganic chemistry which deal with study of different metals in biological system. Bioinorganic chemistry deal in both natural field (like study and application of metalloproteins, Metalloporphyrins, Metalloenzymes etc.) and artificial field (like study, application and development of medicines). Bioinorganic chemistry is the mixture of biochemistry and inorganic chemistry.
Organometallic chemistry is the branch of inorganic chemistry which deal with the study of chemical compounds having at least one bond between a Metal and carbon atom of organic compound. Organometallic compounds are broadly used in research, industrial chemical reactions, catalysis to increase the rates of reactions.
Cluster chemistry is the branch of inorganic chemistry which deals with the study of clusters. Cluster forms when atoms or molecules bound together to form large size substances whose size is intermediate in between the size of a molecule and a bulk solid. Example of cluster- fullerene cluster from carbon atoms and borane cluster from boron atoms.